(b. 1951) is one of the world’s top Himalayan climbers, the first winter conqueror of Mount Everest in history. A surveyor by education, he is presently a financier, a participant in pioneering Polish expeditions to the Himalayas and Karakorum, including Shisparé, Gasherbrum II, Makalu, and winter expeditions to Mount Everest and K2. He was the first Pole to conquer the Seven Summits. He is the co -author of Conversations about Everest.